Monday, May 25, 2020

The Ratio Of Seriousness Of Crime - 1635 Words

Many people believe the saying, â€Å"If you are old enough to commit the crime, you are old enough to do the time.† However, many of the people that believe this saying do not consider the ratio of seriousness of crime to age of offender. Other people may say, â€Å"Oh, they are just too young. They did not really know what they were doing.† Maybe that statement is true or maybe the juvenile offender knew exactly what he or she was doing. Who else besides the child would know? Who can accurately and fairly judge a child on his or her so called illegal behavior? The United States should be more concerned with providing rehabilitation for juveniles already involved in criminal activity and the prevention of criminal activity in younger generations of†¦show more content†¦Sometimes reform schools are called industrial schools because these specific centers teach offenders useful life skills that can be used to make a better life for the juveniles and their famili es. Since 1846, hundreds of reform schools and industrial schools have been created all across the country (Juvenile Offenders). The idea behind reform schools is somewhat similar to that of Jane Addams’ Hull House founded in 1912. Hull House was located in the darkest corner of Chicago: a place full of murder, rape, harassment, and other extremely dangerous crimes. Addams provided Hull House as a getaway for children before they became delinquents. Addams established clubs for boys who often got involved with criminal activity. Addams felt that it was her duty to help less fortunate children be the best that they could be. She felt strongly for children who had unsure futures ahead of them. Addams taught the girls in the house how to sew to prevent them from growing up to be prostitutes. Addams provided many inner-city children with education, homes, and meals all at no cost from the goodness of her heart (Addams). In Sayreville, New Jersey, seven high school football players continuously picked on the under classmen until one day, the under classmen got enough. Soon after the under classmen came forward about what had been going on between junior varsity and the varsity boys, the seven boys were charged with aggravated assault and

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Converting Fahrenheit to Kelvin

This example problem illustrates the method to convert Fahrenheit to Kelvin. Fahrenheit and Kelvin are two important temperature scales. The Fahrenheit scale is used primarily in the United States, while the Kelvin scale is used in some areas of science. Aside from homework questions, the most common times you might need to convert between Kelvin and Fahrenheit would be working with equipment using the different scales or when trying to plug a Fahrenheit value into a Kelvin-based formula. The zero point of the Kelvin scale is  absolute zero, which is the point at which its not possible to remove any additional heat. The zero point of the Fahrenheit scale is the lowest temperature Daniel Fahrenheit could attain in his lab (using a mixture of ice, salt, and water). Because the zero point of the Fahrenheit scale and degree size are both somewhat arbitrary, the Kelvin to Fahrenheit conversion requires a tiny bit of math. For many people, its easier to first convert Fahrenheit to Celsius  and then Celsius to Kelvin because these formulas are often memorized. Heres an example: Fahrenheit To Kelvin Conversion Problem A healthy person has a body temperature of 98.6  °F. What is this temperature in Kelvin?Solution: First, convert Fahrenheit to Celsius. The formula to convert Fahrenheit to Celsius isTC 5/9(TF - 32) Where TC is temperature in Celsius and TF is temperature in Fahrenheit.TC 5/9(98.6 - 32)TC 5/9(66.6)TC 37  °CNext, convert  °C to K:The formula to convert  °C to K is:TK TC 273orTK TC 273.15 Which formula you use depends on how many significant figures you are working with in the conversion problem. Its more accurate to say the difference between Kelvin and Celsius is 273.15, but most of the time, just using 273 is good enough.TK 37 273TK 310 K Answer:The temperature in Kelvin of a healthy person is 310 K. Fahrenheit To Kelvin Conversion Formula Of course, there is a formula you can use to convert directly from Fahrenheit to Kelvin: K 5/9 ( ° F - 32) 273 where K is temperature in Kelvin and F is temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. If you plug in body temperature in Fahrenheit, you can solve the conversion to Kelvin directly: K 5/9 (98.6 - 32) 273K 5/9 (66.6) 273K 37 273K 310 The other version of the Fahrenheit to Kelvin conversion formula is: K ( °F  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ 32) à · 1.8 273.15 Here, dividing (Fahrenheit - 32) by 1.8 is the same as if you multiplied it by 5/9. You should use whichever formula makes you more comfortable, as they give the same result. No Degree in the Kelvin Scale When you are converting or reporting a temperature in the Kelvin scale, its important to remember this scale does not have a degree. You do use degrees in Celsius and Fahrenheit. The reason theres no degree in Kelvin is because its an absolute temperature scale.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nike A Brand Of Footwear, Clothing, And Sporting Equipment

Good morning/afternoon Year 9 Geography and Mrs. Fairfax. Today myself and Brooke are going to be talking to you about the popular brand of footwear, Nike shoes. Nike is a popular active and footwear brand that is owned by the CEO, Phillip Knight. Founded in 1964, the company has become extremely popular in creating exclusive footwear, clothing, and sporting equipment. We chose to research this topic as Nike is very well known brand and we were curious as to what happens behind the scenes. As Nike footwear is so popular we feel as though we need to understand and know how the shoes are made, including the worker’s conditions, and the sustainability of the company and materials used. Nike is known for its slogan, â€Å"Just Do It.†, and for many years has had a set demographic. This demographic is for athletes, especially competitive athletes who want to be the best and always on top of the competition. Many famous athletes wear Nike shoes and often get sponsored by Nike. By being a consumer, we take notice of these things and this draws us in into buying Nike shoes. For example, the Brisbane Broncos, the grand final runner-ups of the NRL Premiership this year, are sponsored by Nike. Not only do the majority of the players wear Nike football boots, but the Nike logo is also located on the team jerseys. This is just one of the many ways Nike draws in consumers through a wide market demographic in Australia. Nike is one of the most popular brands of footwear in the world, NikeShow MoreRelatedNike, Clothing, Fashion Accessory, Foot Wear, Sports Equipment824 Words   |  4 PagesCompany Name: Nike, Inc. Industry: Clothing, Fashion Accessory, Foot Wear, Sports Equipment Internet address: Primary SIC code: 3021 - Rubber and Plastics Footwear Primary NAICS Code: 316210 - Footwear Manufacturing Major Products and Services: 1. 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From eating the right nutritional foods, working out and people just wanting to follow the latest and greatest trends. The increase in gym memberships and the amount of people working out leads to the increase in athletic

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Effective Business Communication Management-Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Management Effective Business Communication? Answer: Introduction According to Robles, (2012) communication plays a very crucial role in the development of any MNC. While working in different countries, companies have to face various issues that affect its growth and also affect the brand name. This report has been prepared to resolve the various internal and external communication issues faced by an Australian MNC. Examples of communication channels used by other MNCs have also been considered so that proper strategies can be prepared. Good practices Communication channels used by other MNCs Communication has a significant role in the success of any business as researched by Stubbe, (2015). By considering this factor, there are various global companies all around the world which has adopted different ways to communicate with internal as well as external stakeholders. Apple Inc. is one of the biggest MNCs in the world which has its business in different countries. Shaganaa, (2014) added that company follows different kinds of strategies to communicate with its internal as well as external stakeholders. The company has created an online forum where employees can raise their voice, ideas as well as concerns. It allows the managers to focus their direction on points raised by employees. The company also holds monthly meetings with its stakeholders which help them to get a one-on-one experience with management where all the information regarding brand is discussed. Monthly newsletters are also published by Apple to help employees to get insight on directions of Apple Inc. It also allows them to inform employees about recent changes that are taking place in the company. Random audits are conducted to ensure that supply chain of a company is working effectively. Programs are organized for suppliers where good suppliers are appreciated, and all the issues are resolved which are faced by both parties as studied by Muema, (2012). Amazon is also one of the most popular and biggest MNCs in the world. Brown, (2012) provided information that CEO of Amazon believes that communication culture of the company should be friendly but intense so that it can allow employees to generate ideas and improve the experiences of customers. The company uses the latest communication channel like Slack to bridge the gap between CEO and front line employees (BETTS, 2015). Jeff Bezos provides complete company information via push notification and also appreciate the efforts of employees from time to time. Other than that, employee engagement surveys are also popular tools which are used by Amazon in order to track the attitude of employees. Recently as per Venkatesh, (2013), company has also introduced a real time cloud based platform called as Glint which allows them to understand employee engagement surveys and provide an interactive dashboard to raise different issues. The data then is compared with industry benchmarks, and chang es are made accordingly. According to Grunig, (2013) Tesco is one of the biggest retailers in the world which handles the various communication issues very effectively. It uses different types of internal and external channels to communicate with all its clients, and it has helped them to gain lots of success. Internal communication channels used by Tesco are a phone, emails, club cards, notices and reports. All these channels have proved to be effective and have allowed Tesco to provide timely information to employees. Our Tesco, (2017) added for external communication, that the company uses website, Tesco cards, video conferencing, social media, a television advertisement. All these channels allow the company to reach its potential customers and convey the products and services in a creative manner. In order to collect feedback from customers, the company provides feedback form to its customers and collects in then and there so that their real time experience can be noticed. Future Strategies Timely communication to all staff and clients One of the biggest issues that organization is facing in communicating to all its staff and clients is time and efficiency. There are several ways by which organization can cope up with this issue. One of the ways that MNC can include is organizing an open meeting with internal staffs as it will allow the leaders and managers to communicate their passion and the ways in which work has to be done in organization (Adrian, 2012). These meetings will allow managers as well as employees to hear and understand what leaders want to communicate and will also provide the opportunity to the employees to provide the feedback to upper management. These meetings can be organized in every branch of the company in all countries on a regular basis. However, if the board of directors wants to communicate anything to all the 8000 employees across nations, everyone can be connected via video conferencing. It will allow the directors to convey the aim and objective of organization and what is expected o ut of the employees. Other ways in which timely communication can be made with employees, as well as clients, can be via e-mails. Technology has made everyone advanced, and every person carry Smartphone with access to the internet that can use to check e-mails anytime (Keyton, 2012). Managers can send the emails to employees and clients anytime in case of emergency or if any message has to be conveyed. As soon as the e-mail is received, actions can be taken to resolve the issues. There are different team messaging applications also that are developed by various people, and these can be used in companies to convey messages to each other. One of the applications for team communication is called as Slack that is used by Starbucks in order to pass on the messages to all the employees directly. With this application, Starbucks has been able to be in touch with all the employees at any time, and it has solved various issues in minutes. MNC in Australia can also use this application to be in touch with employees at any time. It can also be used to communicate with clients so that proper supplies can be maintained and issues between parties can be resolved (Barbour, 2014). All these communications should be made on the regular basis so that regular issues can be solved and work can be done with proper efficiencies. Timely communication should also be done if any new achievement is done by the company or during the time of implementing new strategies. It will keep all the employees as well as clients to sync with the way in which Australian MNC is working. Communication with front line employees Front line employees are those who are the most important part of the organization as they directly deal with customers and are also involved in making of products. From the case study, it was analyzed that there has been a communication break from the top employees to the front line employees and vice versa (Rajhans, 2012). It has really affected the brand positioning of Australian MNC in the market as leaders are not able to communicate their vision to these people and also these employees are not able to provide the feedback that customers provide towards the organization. There are various ways in which this communication break can be resolved by conducting wise department wise meetings on a regular basis by managers and on a monthly basis by top management. Regular meetings with managers will allow them to convey the updated objectives of the company or if any new products or services that have been added which needed to be introduced to customers. Issues that front line employe es face while dealing with clients and employees can also be effectively communicated in these meetings. Managers will be able to motivate these employees and can push them to work hard (Loewy, 2012). Top management can communicate with all these employees all together via video conferencing in every nation that organization is situated in. Top management can convey their message to the employees and give them the ideas about new changes that company has incorporated or will be going to incorporate in the near future. Employees can communicate their feedbacks to managers which can be passed on to the board, and all the big issues can be discussed in these video conferencing meetings. Other than that, mobile applications are also great ways that can be used by top management to convey their vision to front line employees (Hashim, 2013). More than 85% of employees use smart phones and activating mobile first communication strategies can be very fruitful. Push notifications via mobile application will allow front line employees to know about new information any place and time. Top managers will also be able to connect all their 8000 employees altogether without any hassle. Feedback from clients regarding products and services Customers are the biggest clients of Australian MNC, and their feedback is very important for the improvement of products and services offered. One of the best ways that this can be incorporated and communication channel can be strengthened is by providing live chat support. It will allow the company to get closer to its entire client and most of the issues will be solved quickly. This live chat support can be made proactive, and feedbacks can be generated easily. Another way is by providing dedicated feedback form on the website of the company which can include all the relevant questions related to feedback (Zhu, 2017). This is one of the best ways to get in touch with and understand the positioning of the company in their mindset. Some important and regular customers can be called on the regular basis, and the main advantage that company will get is the first-hand feedback. Hearing the voice of customers will also help in judging the satisfaction levels of clients. This particular method is very effort sensitive and can be reserved for high sensitive clients. New trends in collecting the surveys are social media, and it can be actively used to not only be in touch with the customers but also to understand their issues and solve them then and there. However, social media can also create a negative image for the company as rumours spread much faster and for that communication channels on this medium should be very fast (Castells, 2013). Other than customers, suppliers are also very important clients, and their feedbacks are also important in order to improve the products and services of Australian MNC. The first thing that company can do is the creation of strategic supplier councils which consist senior members from supplier team and senior managers from the side of Australian MNC. The main purpose of this council is to listen to the key supplier's concerns, ideas in order to solve strategic planning issues. Another way is to install supplier evaluation software as it will allow the MNC to solicit the feedbacks and ideas of these people (Coombs, 2014). This software will help the suppliers to provide the changes that can be done to improve the supply chain and make delivery better. Issues around local language From the case study, it was analyzed that one of the biggest issues that are faced by Australian MNC is with the local language as these people are not able to communicate with some employees, suppliers and customers. Although the common language used in English still the issues with dialect still persist. There are many strategies that can be implemented by MNC to handle this issue like the use of plain language (LaBrie, 2015). Use of large and complicated words might create understanding and miscommunication issues which can offend some customers. Another way are to search for reliable translation services in terms of qualified translator or service that can fulfil needs of the company. However, the proper check has to be done before employing a translator by doing proper education check, etc. Employees can also be provided with training sessions so that they can understand the in and outs of the products and services they are selling. It will allow them to communicate with customers in their own dialect and manner (Grunig, 2013). Visual methods can also be used as they can be a lot more effective the telling. Pictures and diagrams can be used in explaining the complicated concepts which will allow employers and customers to understand it in much better manner. Cross cultural issues in different contexts Cross cultural communication can be defined as ways in which people from being different cultural background communicate with each other and also in the manner they endeavour to communicate across cultures. Australian MNC works in the different parts of the world in a different culture. It faces various cross cultural issues which are very important to be solved for the proper functioning of the company (Pettersson, 2013). One of the ways in which it can be handled is by keeping an open mind by understanding the ways in which people comprehend, communicate and make decisions across different types of backgrounds. It might be difficult to interpret all types of behaviour but still, significance can be made on this concept. The main aim of the company should be to understand and accept the differences in terms of a multicultural team and the ways in which they can be used to analyze the situation and make decisions. Other than that, organizational awareness can also be created by providing diversity training to all employees as it will allow MNC to make employees culturally mindful and adaptable while talking to people with different backgrounds (Harris, 2016). Outings and fun activities with all the employees can also be arranged by MNC as it will bring the employees with different background come closer and work in proper harmony. Promoting open communication can also be a boon to the company as it will allow employees to share their concerns and misconducts happened with them effectively. Fostering strong relationships with employees will also make the communication in company better with proper responses with everyone. Digital literacy and use of social media From the case study, it was analyzed that, Australian MNC works in the country like Nigeria and Oman where the digital literacy is very limited. Only 10-20% of the customers are aware of the use of social media channels. In these situations, reaching out to people becomes very difficult. The company in order to reach people can use the facilities of hotline numbers where all the queries and order can be handled (Schullery, 2013). Advertising can be done by providing advertising advertisements in television, newspapers, etc. Some big events can also be sponsored so that people can know about the Australian MNC and the products they sell. Various help centres can also be established in different parts of the country where people can reach and resolve all their issues while viewing new products. The trend of social media in the field of communication is increasing day by day, and it is one of the best methods that can allow Australian MNC to reach millions of customers worldwide with very low cost. Some of the popular social media channels are Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc. On Facebook, the company can create different posts about its products and services and share it in most creative manner. The post will reach a large number of people instantly, and people who are interested can directly connect with MNC. Various issues faced by people can also be resolved on social media by responding to people complaint (Michaelides, 2015). Twitter is another medium which is highly professionals and mostly used by companies to share some important news and events in limited words. This medium can also be used by Australian MNC to share the launch of its new products and services. Conclusion From the report, it can be analyzed that Australian MNC can easily solve its internal and external communication issues very easily by using various strategies. For the internal and timely communications, video conferencing, a messaging application like Slack, regular meetings with managers can be used as it will allow the company to know the responses of employees and their feedbacks. The company will also be able to share the information about company effectively. For external communication, the company can use feedback forums, develop online chat support, social media, and committees with suppliers, etc. to convey and receive the issues and news. References BETTS, C., (2015). A lesson from Amazon: Make sure your CEOs not out of touch with frontline staff. [Online]. Available through: [Accessed on 1 September 2017]. Our Tesco., (2017). How We Communicate Together. [Online]. Available through: [Accessed on 1 September 2017]. Shaganaa, S., (2014). Apple Internal CommunicationsStrategy. [Online]. Available through: [Accessed on 1 September 2017]. Books and Journals Adrian, A., (2012). Assessing Organizational Communication: Strategic Communication Audits. Guilford Press. Argenti, P., (2015).Corporate communication. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Barbour, J., (2014). Organizational Communication: Approaches and Processes. Cengage Learning. Bisel, R., (2010). A communicative ontology of organization? A description, history, and critique of CCO theories for organization science.Management Communication Quarterly.24(1). Brown, T., 2012. Change communication: the impact on satisfaction with alternative workplace strategies.Facilities.30(3/4). pp.135-151. Castells, M., (2013).Communication power. OUP Oxford. Coombs, W., (2014).Ongoing crisis communication: Planning, managing, and responding. Sage Publications. Cornelissen, J., (2017).Corporate communication: A guide to theory and practice. Sage. Grunig, J., (2013).Excellence in public relations and communication management. Routledge. Harris, R., (2016). New organisations and new workplaces: Implications for workplace design and management. Journal of Corporate Real Estate. 18(1). pp.4-16. Hashim, J., (2013). Communicating and sharing working relationships with older employees. Journal of Communication Management. 17(2). pp.100-121. Keyton, J., (2012). Communication and Organizational Culture: A Key to Understanding Work Experiences. SAGE. LaBrie, R., (2015). Unified communications as an enabler of workplace redesign. Measuring Business Excellence. 19(1). pp.81-91. Loewy, D., 2012.Essentials of business communication. Cengage Learning. Michaelides, G., (2015). Workplace design: Conceptualizing and measuring workplace characteristics for motivation. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 2(3). pp.224-243. Muema, T., (2012). Effects of Poor Communication in an Organization: Case of Kenya Seed Company. GRIN Verlag. Pettersson, K., 2013. Analyzing effective communication in mathematics group work: The role of visual mediators and technical terms.Educational Studies in Mathematics. 82(3). pp.497-514. Rajhans, K., 2012. Effective organizational communication: A key to employee motivation and performance.Interscience Management Review. 2(2). pp.81-85. Robles, M., 2012. Executive perceptions of the top 10 soft skills needed in todays workplace.Business Communication Quarterly.75(4). pp.453-465. Schullery, N.M., 2013. Workplace engagement and generational differences in values.Business Communication Quarterly.76(2). pp.252-265. Stubbe, M., 2015.Power and politeness in the workplace: A sociolinguistic analysis of talk at work. Routledge. Venkatesh, V., 2013. Explaining employee job performance: The role of online and offline workplace communication networks.Mis Quarterly.37(3). Zhu, Y., (2017). Lets work out: communication in workplace wellness programs. International Journal of Workplace Health Management. 10(2). pp.101-115. Effective Business Communication Management-Myassignmenthelp.Com Question: Discuss About The Effective Business Communication Management? Answer: Introduction As inferred by Adrian (2012), communication plays a vital role in the overall development of any corporation. In the business world, effective communication is significant for the everyday operations of the company as it has the possibility to affect sales and profitability respectively. As every organization possesses a unique and distinctive personality, attaining effectiveness in communication is a tough task. Herein, this report the challenges faced by an Australian MNC towards the varied internal as well as external communication is resolved. In addition to this, to have a deeper understanding of the best-suited communication channels for our organization different strategies of other MNCs are studied in detailed. Good Practices Communication Channels employed by renowned MNCs In any aspect of life, whether it is personal or professional, communication is the key to success. The communication ability helps in carrying out the business with efficacy. In any form of business environment communication, it can be understood as an exchange of message from one person to another, acknowledging that the message received is understood and likely some kind of action is expected as a result. Due to its complexity, it plays a prominent role in MNCs than any other localised company (Schleimer and Pedersen, 2014). There is enormous MNCs sprouting up all over the world, which have adopted varied ways of communication both through internal and external means. Tesco operating beyond 2200 stores, which includes hypermarkets and express outlets across the world impends to satisfy the need of its all customer and brings satisfactory results to become the Britains largest retail industry. The aim of communication within an organization like Tesco would be to serve information to its public and employees. Tesco needs communication to keep perhaps their staffs updated and provide its customer with every detail of its existing by way of promotions and marketing (Channon and Jalland, 2016). Communication is needed to keep Tesco running smoothly. In any business, it can be observed that the point of communication is to influence upon something in the business. Being an established chain working in more than one country, they have relied upon consistent sources of the communication channel to run an efficient business. Channels of communication played a prominent role in Tesco. It has established varied channels formal, informal, nonverbal, verbal, written, oral, technological different electronic methods to facilitate the spread of information through the organization. Formal communication being the official channel is quite significantly adopted as Tesco is a big company and different board meetings, weekly staff reports, forms and memos all must attune to run the business smoothly. Formal communication is quite prominently associated with vertical communication, and thus Tesco involves a well-organized system to work effectively and spontaneously. Also, it adopts informal communication which does not follow any official cha nnels or bound by the chain of command. This form of communication is the voluntary type and is required to build a strong bond and cooperation between staff members. This informal form of communication acts as a motivator also for Tesco employees. Also, Nike a renowned name in sports additions has incorporated sports value through effective communication within its organization. Kobayashi (2012), reveals that Nike has embraced the essence of the sport by facilitating its communication among its team and all employees. This company uses both sorts of communication, i.e., internal and external means to attain the ultimate goal of creating a world class sporting brand. The communication between top management and their employees is equally important to help the understanding of values of multinational companies amongst them. It thus uses emails, formal reports, face-to face conversation as means of communication to keep the work environment intact (Tippmann, Scott and Mangematin, 2012). It also uses external channels of communication like video conferencing, online Internet, vouchers, advertisements, surveys to know the customs and tastes to outer world enticing customers towards their product. Coco-cola another MNC established since 1886, selling across 200 countries and owing beverage trademark and licence across the globe (Dudovskiy, 2015). Coca-Cola has undertaken distinctive and innovative approaches to create strong relationships at the heart of the successful business. Verbal and Non-verbal both key channel of communication is employed by the organization to deliver its message effectively. The verbal communication is used by the organization to get in contact with its customers and employees by spreading information more effectively and thus acknowledging them more about the opportunities. On the other hand, the company to determine its brand positioning and creating an unwavering image of the people uses Non-verbal communication. Future Strategies Healthy communication is pivotal to the success of any organization, whether its a start-up or any established enterprise (Montazemi et al., 2012). It is quite known that businesses who operate in multiple states often encounter difficulties to share information and meet the trajectory in real time. For our current Australian organization it is important that it simulcast each member associated with an organization. Real-time communication to staff and customers Organization encounters the biggest problem, i.e., to communicate effectively with all its staff and customers in timely and operative manner. Communication within an organization is a critical activity. It helps not only strengthen but empower employees by facilitating them to share the common purpose and meet organization efficiency, productivity and overall value. The real-time communication can help in exchange the information instantly and enable people to work whenever and wherever by pooling up the collective skills and guiding them to move towards finding a reliable solution (Marin and Bell, 2010). The ability of business partners, employees, and customers to interact in such a manner increasingly helps determine whether enterprise flourishes or stumbles. Before jotting down ways of developing a culture of real-time communication, it is important to ascertain the specific needs of the same. The organization can come up with numerous ways to meet this issue effectively. It can establish real time communication habits in the workplace; this can be made possible by the MNC by organizing multiple channels to spread the information to as many people as it seeks. For this aspect, the message must be consistent so that it can be spread from one person to another by informal means also. Since the message gets distorted when passed through informal paths, it is important that everyone should get the same message leaving no point for discussions. The organization must also have an everyday plan of communication, which is carefully sorted to notify employees of upcoming events. Also, a communication strategy must be adopted by an organization to use the same in an emergency case. Most importantly no matter how complex organization be, it is impo rtant that everyone keeps track (Paik and Ando, 2011). It is also important that people acknowledge upon the questions and clarification could it seek from. The organization must make it easy for both its employees and client to reach them as it is for making a complete communication cycle. Facilitating communication with front-line Employees There is no doubt that customer service has a due impact on companys brand image. Also, the satisfied employees help in translating happy services to the customers. Hence, effective communication with frontline staff is an important aspect of good customers service. It can be seen from a current case study that Australian organization encounters communication barriers restraining effective communication of top management with the front line staff and vice versa. Frontline employees are the most important people within an organization and are quite often overlooked. This ignorance could turn out to be a huge mistake as though it may be at the bottom most of the organization chart but still they more likely to be engaging and become advocates for the company. Since they interact with customers on a daily basis, they acknowledge the true expectations of the clients. They are the face of a company and as such know what might be the true customer needs. Wilken and Sinclair (2011), advocates that front line employees are beyond just knowing the wants of customer they actually know organization customers. This is because front-line employees see customers and how it interacts with the product or services. Thus, they are many superior sources of information than any other traditional research. Effective listening to front-line employees can help in breaking down the companys hierarchy. Employees, when encouraged, can help serve the top-management and customers better. Listening also help in motivating the employees thus a more collaborative and engaging workforce can help connect everyone in the organization. Listening can though be a real challenge but most effective means to gather feedback from front-line staff. As IBM created an Idea Jam forum where it encourages employees from all the layers to answer questions and share their ideas (Li and Tallman, 2011). The Australian company could also establish an employee discussion forum to offer a virtual meeting place where the opinion, ideas and feedback from the staff can be collected. Feedback from clients on ways to improving product quality and service delivery Obtaining customer feedback is the most important facet as it provides marketers and the business owners with insight on how it can enhance its business product or services. Clients experience encompasses all aspects of company offerings like the quality of customer, the reliability of the product; it's feature, packaging, ease of use, utility etc. Customers being the utmost clients of Australian MNC, their feedback is extremely essential for the product and services so offered. The best ways of incorporating this could be by way of choosing a direct line so that one can determine whether they are happy with company services and product so delivered. Customer feedback surveys on a regular basis can help the company ensure what may be frustrating or pleasing to the customer (Petersen, Kushwaha and Kumar, 2014). As it delivers tangible data perceived competitive offer could be explored, and it can be used for making a more profound business decision from customer feedback. The feedback can be used as a guide for business and marketing their decisions. The customer feedback provides valuable insight, and it can help the Australian organization to create a product which every customer wish to buy and create a customer experience that is everlasting. A happy and satisfied customer is a retained customer. Gaining feedback from a loyal customer can be more valuable if it is called upon regular basis it could serve as a first-hand feedback. The other new trends that could be employed to collect feedback could be by way of social media, as an active user would help in excavating problematic issues faced by the customer either from product or services (Ruppel, Gong and Tworoger, 2013). However, social media could lead to a negative image of the company as rumours could be framed herein more quickly. Therefore, complete reliance on this medium for gaining feedback would be not advisable. Cross cultural issues in different contexts Since, the Australian organization serve across different cultural backgrounds thus, doing things straightforwardly is far from reach. As mentioned by Gammelgaard (2010), learning to appreciate a range of communication cultures requires the need to be flexible. Flexibility is the need of a company to establish and maintain decent connections with the stakeholders and other interest groups. In addition to flexibility, tolerability and cultural adaptability are also concluded as an important means of establishing a business. The flexibility, tolerant and adaptability component are required to make multicultural communication. Since, Australian MNC works in different parts of the world it faces cross-cultural issues, which needs to be resolved through proper functioning of the company. To build an effective internal and external communication the organization requires efforts and acquisition of experts to facilitate corporate communication averting cultural risks. Internal communication plays a crucial role in multicultural settings. Since each global employee has the potential for framing companys image; an excellent internal communication is fundamental. Internal communication helps in delivering a strong impact of the company towards the desired direction (Leeuwis and Aarts, 2011). Internal communication to function and process in a manageable and effective manner internationally, as a common practice of multicultural corporate communication, the company can set up internal networks. These networks can be used to direct employees in local communities, and such networks can be maintained in countless ways like email, instant messaging, telephone, video conferences etc. Emphasizing on face-to-face communication and making people familiar with different countries culture by the mutual trust can also help create successful cooperation. Issues around local language Undergoing the facts of the case study, it can be observed that the most prominent issue which is being faced by the Australian MNC is that of local language as the people are not capable of communicating effectively with some of the clients, business partners, suppliers and employees. Indeed, there is also an impending need to enhance employees language and their cultural know-how to meet the professional requirements (Lauring and Klitmller, 2015). Many international companies ensure that its employees are trained and acknowledge the know-how to serve the company as a whole. This aspect is also important for meeting the external services. To meet the corporate goals, in-house communication skills are a must. As inferred by, the strategic understanding of each and every employee is a necessity to make a vital link between communication and the corporate goals and reputation. Matanda and Ewing (2012), emphasize that all corporate communication must be established on sound policies and guidelines. These policies and guidelines move on to build a unique image, a strong brand positioning and ultimate appealing reputation. Reliable translation services could also help fulfil the needs of the company. Digital literacy and use of social media In the current era, Social Networking and Digital Literacy has turned out to be the most popular trend to grab the attention of people. As the case study reveals facts wherein Australian MNC operates in countries like India, Vietnam and Australia wherein the proportion of people using digital literacy is quite high. Almost all people are aware of the different social media channels and are quite responsive towards the same (Channon and Jalland, 2016). Digital literacy and social media ensure immense engagement and success, but also organization has to struggle hard enough to implement the open network in its system fully. Nonetheless, a number of MNCs push itself to adapt themselves to social media field. The social media is useful to the organization in both internal and external communication context. Implementation of social networking at the formal base can help foster knowledge and knock down the different barriers of communication. The internal social networking could be the use of tools such as Watercooler at HP, Beehive at IBM. While, in an external context, social networking has a far-reaching lightning pace as it helps customers acknowledge about the company and its product as well as services (Regnr and Zander, 2011). Also, it has been quite known that the networking and socialising in modern days has become day by day more flexible and dynamic. Social media helps in diversifying the communication targeting the right people through a specified channel. Some of the known channels of social media are Twitter, Instagram, Facebook etc. Further, it facilitates direct communication as the issues and problems can be bought right on one platform providing the company with an idea a bout the interests that connect with its MNC directly. This media can also help the MNC in announcing the new launch of product or service. Conclusion Thus, it could be very well articulated from the report that the Australian MNC can deal with the internal and external problems by adopting varied communication strategies. For effective communication internal channels like emails, messaging, face-to-face meetings etc. can be used by managers, which allow noting the response its employees. Also, I can use the external channel of communication like online chap portal, feedback forums, social media etc. to broadcast the updates and know about the prevalent issues. References Adrian, A., (2012). Assessing Organizational Communication: Strategic Communication Audits. Guilford Press. Channon, D.F. and Jalland, M., (2016).Multinational strategic planning. Springer. Dudovskiy, J., (2015). [Online]. Available from [Accessed on 4th September 2017]. Gammelgaard, J., (2010). Knowledge retrieval through virtual communities of practice.Behaviour Information Technology,29(4), pp.349-362. Kobayashi, K. (2012). Globalization, corporate nationalism and Japanese cultural intermediaries: Representation of bukatsu through Nike advertising at the globallocal nexus.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,47(6), 724-742. Lauring, J. and Klitmller, A., (2015). Corporate language-based communication avoidance in MNCs: A multi-sited ethnography approach.Journal of World Business,50(1), pp.46-55. Leeuwis, C. and Aarts, N., (2011). Rethinking communication in innovation processes: creating space for change in complex systems.Journal of agricultural education and extension,17(1), pp.21-36. Li, S. and Tallman, S., 2011. MNC strategies, exogenous shocks, and performance outcomes.Strategic Management Journal,32(10), pp.1119-1127. Marin, A. and Bell, M., (2010). The local/global integration of MNC subsidiaries and their technological behaviour: Argentina in the late 1990s.Research Policy,39(7), pp.919-931. Matanda, T. and Ewing, M.T., (2012). The process of global brand strategy development and regional implementation.International Journal of Research in Marketing,29(1), pp.5-12. Montazemi, A.R., Pittaway, J.J., Saremi, H.Q. and Wei, Y., (2012). Factors of stickiness in transfers of know-how between MNC units.The Journal of Strategic Information Systems,21(1), pp.31-57. Paik, Y. and Ando, N., (2011). MNC's competitive strategies, experiences, and staffing policies for foreign affiliates.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,22(15), pp.3003-3019. Petersen, J.A., Kushwaha, T. and Kumar, V., (2014). Marketing communication strategies and consumer financial decision making: The role of national culture. American Marketing Association. Regnr, P. and Zander, U., (2011). Knowledge and strategy creation in multinational companies.Management International Review,51(6), pp.821-850. Ruppel, C.P., Gong, B. and Tworoger, L.C., (2013). Using communication choices as a boundary-management strategy: How choices of communication media affect the worklife balance of teleworkers in a global virtual team.Journal of Business and Technical Communication,27(4), pp.436-471. Schleimer, S.C. and Pedersen, T., (2014). The effects of MNC parent effort and social structure on subsidiary absorptive capacity.Journal of International Business Studies,45(3), pp.303-320. Tippmann, E., Scott, P.S. and Mangematin, V., (2012). Problem solving in MNCs: How local and global solutions are (and are not) created.Journal of International Business Studies,43(8), pp.746-771. Wilken, R. and Sinclair, J., (2011). Global marketing communications and strategic regionalism.Globalizations,8(1), pp.1-15.

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Aramco Supply Chain Management Essays

Aramco Supply Chain Management Essays Aramco Supply Chain Management Essay Aramco Supply Chain Management Essay A Users Conference ID#: 2965 Improving Supply Chain Management through Real-Time Operations Monitoring Track: MES Topic: Enterprise Integration Presenter: Ramadan Fan Company: Saudi Aramco  © Copyright 2008, Saudi Aramco. All rights reserved. Agenda Saudi Aramco Overview Saudi Aramco Distribution Operations Supply Chain Management Challenges SIMATIC IT XHQ Implementation Enterprise Monitoring Solution Key Benefits Next Steps Page 2 Saudi Aramco Overview – Global Offices Saudi Petroleum Overseas Ltd. Ltd. Vela Marine Intl. , Ltd. Intl. , Ltd. Saudi Petroleum Intl. , Inc. Intl. , Aramco Overseas Company, AOC (BV) Company, Saudi Petroleum Ltd. Ltd. Aramco Services Company Saudi Aramco Headquarters Page 3 Saudi Aramco Overview – Upstream Downstream Gas Sales Grid Upstream Gas Plants Downstream Gas Plants OIL GAS Wells GOSPs Bulk Plants Refineries Crude Treatment Stabilizers Page 4 Crude Terminals Saudi Aramco Distribution Operations Responsible for domestic fuel distribution through its Bulk Plants and Air Fueling Operations Meet the Kingdom’s growing fuel demand in the most safe, reliable, and environment friendly manner Enhance customer satisfaction through world class services Page 5 Supply Chain Management Challenges Managing remote facilities scattered across the country Tracking product transfer via trucks, pipeline and marine Accessing different operation and business systems Generating operation reports in a timely manner Coordination between sending and receiving plants Responding quickly to customer complaints Page 6 SIMATIC IT XHQ Implementation Corporate strategy to standardize on a single Enterprise Monitoring Solution (EMS) Easy direct access to key operational data Common view of aggregated information Integrate real-time process data with business data Improve performance monitoring through KPI measures Replicate best practices across the enterprise Page 7 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Distribution Operations SAP System HR LP Finance BW Non-SAP Applications LIMS SAIF Oracle Servers OSI PI Servers PQAS TIIS HCM PM OCRCS Terminal Management Systems Field Automation Lab Systems Siemens Honeywell Tank Gauging Test Instruments Page 8 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Distribution Operations Site-Specific Dashboards Product Inventory Sales and Transfer Orders Truck Loading/Unloading Pipeline Shipping Quality Assurance Operations Compliance Data Source SAP-HCM, PI SAP-HCM TMS (Siemens/Honeywell) OSI PI PQAS * OCRCS * In-house developed application based on Oracle Page 9 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Distribution Operations Common Dashboards Management Dashboard Maintenance Dashboard Equipment Dashboard Inspections Dashboard TI Dashboard Safety Dashboard Quality Dashboard Data Source SAP-HR, PM, Finance SAP-PM SAP-PM SAIF * TIIS * SAP-LP LIMS, PQAS * * In-house developed applications based on Oracle Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Key Benefits Empowered plants to make quick and informed decisions Enhanced Saudi Aramco customers relationship Graphically related daily operation to production targets Data transparency and sharing among plants Focus on problem areas with data views and drilldowns Page 21 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Next Steps Visualization of full supply chain Dashboards for high management level Integration with SAP Portal Integration with GIS system Integration with planning and scheduling tools Page 22 Enterprise Monitoring Solution – Distribution Project Team Siemens Ahsan Yousufzai, Manager Ayman Al-Mutawa, Tech. Lead Zulfiqar Naushad, Consultant Ahmed Al-Sahaff, Team Lead Zubair Hassan, Team Lead Maher Al-Khaldi, Developer Asif Iqbal, Developer Faruk Bansir, Developer Saudi Aramco Ahmed Marzooq, IT Mohammed Shabeeb, IT Faris Omar, IT Ziyad Saleh, IT Ali Sallout , Distribution Ramadan Fan, Distribution Mohammed Hazmi, Distribution Murtaza Hussein, Distribution Khalid Khelaiwi, Distribution Khalid Zaid, Distribution Page 23 Closing Remarks â€Å"You can’t improve what you can’t measure† â€Å"Provide the right information, to the right person, at the right time† Page 24 Thank you For more information, please contact: ramadan. [emailprotected] com Page 25

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Good Life In The Eyes Of The Beholder, Plato

The Good Life In The Eyes Of The Beholder, Plato Free Online Research Papers In the case of the Good life, what would the Good life be in the average man or woman’s function of daily life? In Platos theory on the good life, it rests on the idea that everything has one function, which we are naturally suited for. Why are we suited for this concept, is it in our nature? The beauty, virtue, happiness, and excellence of this particular thing all depend on the fulfillment of this function. In this idea, even man has one function for which he is naturally suited or his gift. This is no easy task for man and women, we are complex beings and our day-to-day way of thinking and pleasures differ from person to person. It’s worth mentioning that we are dictated by nature, that is the same for all people in all circumstances and situations. For we can’t decide for ourselves what this function is in life. That’s why we are constantly seeking out, as a hedonist and avoiding pain and anxiety. Were constantly seeking out pleasures for the flesh and hoping not to conflict them with the spirit and also not to fall into the state of emptiness. In conclusion our existence is a truth, and may be the only truth and good and we should find its certainty. What is that function? In the Republic by Plato â€Å"He argues, that the proper uses or function of man and his soul is to live justly and to achieve a state of unity and harmony. Man consists of several parts, each different and with different aims, goals and appetites. He lists the intellect, spirit/courage, and physical desires as the three parts of the soul, though he may simplify this for ease of understanding.† Plato is stating here to live rightly, honest, admirable, and responsible. But in my opinion, we as in most live and live to be satisfied by the pleasures of life. But this is state of conflict between the soul/spirit and flesh, and undesirable, we as humans want the gratification of pleasures now. THE ENJOYMENT OF LIVING, by Lin Yutang states: â€Å"The most obvious fact which philosophers refuse to see is that we have got a body. Either we have to have bodies and have all our bodily wants satisfied, or else we are pure spirits and have no satisfacti ons at all. All satisfactions imply want† Ways of Wisdom, (Smith, 59). When all of us are pursuing physical desires and natural and necessary desires we should keep them in the appropriate fashion, there can still be some conflicts. In this reason we are intent on balancing the soul, providing some satisfaction for all of our desires in natural necessary ways and, natural unnecessary functions also. When this is accomplished, when the parts of the soul are fulfilling their natural functions well and, under the guidance of reason, self control and are in harmony and balance with others, and then the soul is good, happy, and fully satisfied. And so the above description is not mans function, but merely the state of wellness or being required to properly perform his or her daily function. â€Å"For Plato, human beings live in a world of visible and intelligible things. The visible world is what surrounds us: what we see, what we hear, what we experience; this visible world is a world of change and uncertainty. The intelligible world is made up of the unchanging products of human reason: anything arising from reason alone, such as abstract definitions or mathematics, makes up this intelligible world, which is the world of reality† ( . And in the Apology we get a sense of mans proper, natural function. Man pursues knowledge, intelligence, and ultimate reality. This is the way man truly attains virtue and it is on the same path as the gods. The Republic Plato argues similarly, proposing that man is to search for the good and the other forms of good and truth. Both cases mans function is to use his mind, intelligence, and reason in search of truth, and for Plato knowledge and ultimate reality. Is the body a hindrance or an obstacle, in search of the good life? If it is, it’s a struggled against the soul at all times. Does the body harass the mind with all sorts of desires and appetites, barely giving the mind time to think? So it is the job of man to remove himself as entirely as he can from his body, to use it only in the barest, simplest fashion, only to survive. In this way he will minimize this hurdle and allow himself to pursue his true function and to the take full advantage of his ability. And this quest and life long journey is mans function and the only way to the good life. It depends on the synchronization of the soul and body. â€Å"Socrates even admits in The Republic that he himself knows not just what the good is, but he knows we should strive for it and the knowledge of it† ( All of this is fine and good, a noble pursuit of both desires, but it seems like just another attempt to create meaning and give arrangement to our lives. Besides any idea or thought or action we think and feel, might have the possibility that it may be wrong or proven wrong. The pursuit of knowledge is admirable and I think very worthy of, but in terms of value or meaning what is the knowledge of the good life? One is, ultimately, just as good as the next and gets you just as far, because as Sartre’s states: â€Å"Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself† (Smith, 230.) You just need to decide what is important in your life and what you want to do with it. As well, I think it is a mistake to place so much value on the mind and intellect so use the body and mind in a partnership and give to the flesh, pleasure in moderation. Your mind and mine are limited, weak, just as our senses are. They too, can mislead and misguide us, and I see no reason to suppos e they are powerful enough to solve the riddle of the universe, what would you call the ultimate good life? For that, I see no reason to believe there even is a question to be solved! Maybe we just developed a survival tool that, now that our survival is secure, is trying to occupy itself and keep itself busy, and alive all for what? If this is accurate, then one philosophy is just as good as the next, depending solely on yours and mine tastes. In conclusion what is right or wrong or if at all perfect in the way that we feel is good? This is the argument or theory I’m try to figure out, what would you call The Good Life? And if you and I are looking, feeling or enjoying one particular pleasure at the same moment, you and me will not see or feel the pleasure exactly as the other. One is, ultimately just as good as the next and gets you just as far. The Republic,By Plato Ways of Wisdom Readings on the Good Life Edited by Steve Smith 8080/~dee/GREECE/PLATO.HTM Plato: Ethics and Politics in the Republic Plato: Ethics and Politics in the Republic Research Papers on The Good Life In The Eyes Of The Beholder, PlatoComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalBionic Assembly System: A New Concept of SelfGenetic EngineeringHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionRelationship between Media Coverage and Social andAssess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeThree Concepts of PsychodynamicBringing Democracy to Africa

Friday, February 21, 2020

Reading Response # 3 Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Reading Response # 3 - Assignment Example The loss of a few thousand innocent lives was something which radically changed the way Americans think about Muslims and their religion. In order to argue whether there is really a clash of civilization as suggested by Huntington or the reaction is just Muslim or Arab Phobia, it is important to understand the roots of this conflict and how this difference emerged. The theory of clash of civilization is basically based upon the notion of clash of cultures and civilizations with each other. Underlying this theory is the belief that future conflicts between people will be based upon culture of people and that democracy or free markets is not the only ideology of the world. This notion therefore suggests that the primary axis of conflict will be religion as well as the culture of the people. Considering this position, the post 9/11 scenario may not seem as a clash of civilizations but rather Muslim or Arab phobia. The obvious reasons for the attack of 9/11 were based upon the belief that US has supported or illegally occupied and plundered the resources belonging to the Muslim world. This conflict was however by few groups against the State rather than a Muslim State against America. The videos suggested that there is a general Arab and Muslim Phobia because in the War against terror many Muslim countries actually supported the US in its war against Al-Qaeda and other extremist groups. In a way, the Muslim world on the whole, except for a few countries, was officially supporting the US and its war against Islamic extremist groups. There is therefore a general fear regarding Muslims and how may they create a threat for Americans within America. People generally believe that Muslims may harm them and therefore in order to avoid being harmed, Muslims should be labeled and wear bands so that they can be identified. There is a